Published September 2001
by Natl Assn of Social Workers Pr .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
The Culture of Generational Poverty > Chapter 6 - Welfare, Working Poor and the Homeless. Heartland: A Memoir of Working Hard and Being Broke in the Richest Country on Earth *Finalist for the National Book Award and the Kirkus Prize* *Instant New York Times Bestseller* *Named a Best Book of by NPR* An essential read for our times: an eye-opening memoir of working-class poverty in America that will deepen our understanding of. There was an excellent book published in by Barry Bluestone, William M. Murphy and Mary Stevenson entitled Low Wages and the Working Poor which linked the wage determination system in the US with the rising incidence of poverty. In other nations, the rise of the working poor . Homeless families are often hidden from our view—they are living in shelters, cars, campgrounds, or doubled up in overcrowded apartments. Nearly 40 million people (1 in 8) in the U.S. live below the poverty line. More than 1 in 5 (15 million) U.S. children under age 18 live in poverty.
families experiencing homelessness are female-headed (u.S. department of Housing and urban development, ). The typical sheltered family is comprised of a mother in her late twenties with two children (Burt et al., ). The prevalence of traumatic stress in the lives of families who are homeless is extraordinarily high. often these. In a nationwide trend documented by the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty, a growing number of states and cities have laws on the books that may seem neutral—prohibiting activities such as sidewalk-sitting, public urination, and “aggressive panhandling”—but which really target the homeless. (The classic Anatole France. Poor mental health affected more than half of households using food banks, while 23% of people referred to food banks were homeless – mainly in temporary accommodation or sofa-surfing. Most welfare recipients are adults with small families who are either working or trying to work. But work is no longer a sure route out of poverty. Many of those who find work return to welfare because of lack of health care, a breakdown in child care, low wages, and temporary jobs.
Incarceration can decrease the types of employment available after release from jail or prison, and a history of incarceration has been shown to alter how homeless ex-offenders conduct job searches (Cooke, ). The barriers faced by homeless families are generally similar to those of other low-income families, including families on welfare. In May , a small experiment involving 13 homeless men took off in London. Some of them had slept in the cold for more than 40 years. The presence of . As Gilder writes, “Female jobs and welfare payments usurped the man’s role as provider, leaving fatherless families.” Welfare destroys the incipient families of the poor by making the. However, almost half of the homeless families have never received welfare, and 14% received it for less than 1 year. In addition, many parents have a strong work history. Twenty percent are currently employed, and virtually all held a long-term job at some point. Many of Newark’s homeless families are low- income working poor.